En Route to Neisseria Meningitidis Serogroup Y Fully Synthetic Vaccine Candidates

Session: 
PS2 Poster session 2 Even numbers
Code: 
P166
Location (hall): 
Foyer
Start/end time: 
Tuesday, July 2, 2019 - 15:45 to 17:15
Sebastian
Neidig

Sebastian Neidig1, Anja Hoffmann-Röder1

1Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany

Neisseria meningitidis bacteria are gram-negative diplococci that colonize mainly mucosal surfaces of the upper human respiratory tract. This pathogenic organism is responsible for meningitis and septicemia, which even today raise mortality in children as well as in young adults worldwide. Serotype Y ranks amongst the clinically most relevant strains, due to its highly invasive pathogenesis and widespread abundancy. [1] [2] [3] Vaccines based on carbohydrate antigens often lack a satisfying intrinsic immunogenicity and are prone to in vivo metabolic degradation. However, fluorination provides an attractive strategy to overcome these drawbacks as fluorinated carbohydrates are presumed to provide enhanced stability regarding enzymatic glycosidic bond cleavage, while maintaining the properties of the natural congener. Furthermore fluorinated mimics usually seem more foreign to the immune system since fluorine atoms are absent from most organisms. [4] [5] [6] 

Herein, the synthesis of a disaccharide antigen fragment of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup Y and its fluorinated analogue is introduced. Both fragments comprise an aminopentyl handle to allow for construction of fully synthetic vaccine candidates.

Capsular polysaccharide repeating unit, natural and fluorinated Neisseria meningitidis antigen fragments.

References: 
  1. Rouphael, N. G.; Stephens, D. S. Neisseria meningitidis: biology, microbiology, and epidemiology. Meth. Mol. Biol. 2012, 799, 1–20.
  2. McCarthy, P. C.; Sharyan, A.; Sheikhi Moghaddam, L. Meningococcal Vaccines: Current Status and Emerging Strategies. Vaccines 2018, 6, 1–12.
  3. Stephens, D. S. Conquering the meningococcus. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 2007, 31, 3–14.
  4. Reindl, M.; Hoffmann-Röder, A. Antibody Recognition of Fluorinated Haptens and Antigens. Curr. Top. Med. Chem. 2014, 14, 840–854.
  5.  Johannes, M.; Reindl, M.; Gerlitzki, B.; Schmitt, E.; Hoffmann-Röder, A. Synthesis and biological evaluation of a novel MUC1 glycopeptide conjugate vaccine candidate comprising a 4´-deoxy-4´-fluoro-Thomsen-Friedenreich epitope. J. Org. Chem. 2015, 11, 155–161.
  6. Morelli, L.; Poletti, L.; Lay, L. Carbohydrates and Immunology: Synthetic Oligosaccharide Antigens for Vaccine Formulation. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2011, 2011, 5723–5777.

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