Asparagine (N-) linked oligosaccharides play a critical role in numerous biological events including protein folding and quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum(1). Chemical synthetic access to N-glycans provides access to valuable tools to probe their biological functions. Unfortunately, the chemical synthesis of oligosaccharide is not only labor-intensive but also time-consuming. To overcome these limitations, we envisaged the following strategy; 1) convergent and regioselective construction of N-glycan skelton, 2) employment of a common precursor for the construction of oligosaccharide blocks, 3) stereoselective glycosylation assisted by neighboring group participation. To avoid direct construction of the more challenging β-mannoside bond, we opted to initially create β-galactosides followed by simultaneous double inversion reaction at the C-2 and C-4 hydroxy group.
Following above outlined strategy, we successfully completed the synthesis of high mannose-type sugar chains (Man5GlcNAc2 and Man9GlcNAc2).
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