The therapeutic potential of natural antioxidants is a source of inspiration for design of new biologically active structures. Polyphenolic compounds have gained a lot of importance because of their therapeutic and prophylactic potential . Among various naturally occurring polyphenols, hydrolysable tannins represent a large group of strong antiradical and anticancer agents. The molecular structures of gallotannins are basically composed of a central carbohydrate core and gallic acid . Due to their structural diversity and broad array of biological activities have great potential for the development of new pharmaceutically active compounds. Among various naturally occurring gallotannins, penta-1,2,3,4,6-O-galloyl-D-glucose (PGG) was the most widely studied .
Presented research has been directed towards the synthesis and biological activity evaluation of new, unnatural PGG-analogues. The aim of this study was to investigate the physico-chemical and biological properties of three structurally different gallotannins derived from D-glucose, D-mannose and L-rhamnose. Evaluation of the free radical scavenging activity (DPPH assay, reducing power assay) and their ability to prevent DNA damage (DNA topology assay) will be discussed in our contribution.
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